It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. Sie wird als Zierpflanze und im Landschaftsbau verwendet. [53], George Washington's Elm, Washington, D.C. George Washington supposedly had a favorite spot under an elm tree near the United States Capitol Building from which he would watch construction of the building. Its range extends from southern Newfoundland westward through southern Quebec and Ontario, northwest through Manitoba into eastern Saskatchewan, then south on the upper floodplains and protected slopes of the Dakotas. [5] Die Blüten und Früchte hängen an[5] 7 bis 17 Millimeter langen dünnen Stielen, die sich bis zur Fruchtreife auf maximal 25 Millimeter verlängern. Beispielsätze mit "Ulmus glabra", Translation Memory add example it Per il summenzionato tipo di habitat 91E0* vengono ivi menzionati, oltre ai tipi di albero risultanti già dalla denominazione, il pioppo nero (Populus nigra), il salice fragile (Salix fragilis), la betulla pelosa (Betula pubescens), l’olmo montano ( Ulmus glabra ) e quasi 20 specie di strato erbaceo. Das ursprüngliche weite Verbreitungsgebiet von Ulmus americana reicht in Nordamerika von den östlichen sowie westlichen kanadischen Provinzen New Brunswick, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Manitoba, Saskatchewan und in den US-Bundesstaaten Montana, Wyoming, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Oklahoma, Wisconsin, … [32], In 1993, Mariam B. Sticklen and James L. Sherald reported the results of NPS-funded experiments conducted at Michigan State University in East Lansing that were designed to apply genetic engineering techniques to the development of DED-resistant strains of American elm trees. Measurements taken at the time showed it to have a circumference of 24 feet (7.3 m), and its age was estimated to be 280 years. Ulmus americana gehört zur Sektion Blepharocarpus aus der Untergattung Oreoptelea in der Gattung Ulmus innerhalb der Familie Ulmaceae. Die Staubfäden sind flach und die Staubbeutel sind leuchtend rot[2]. Winter temperatures can fall as low as -18°c (with extremes down to -40°c) in the north of its range, whilst in the far south even mild frosts are very rare. [58], The Glencorradale Elm on Prince Edward Island, Canada, is a surviving wild elm believed to be several hundred years old. The Butterfly Conservation organisation have been monitoring the population grow on a stand of Ulmus New Horizon growing in Vauxhall Spring Gardens, London. American elm tree in Cummington, Massachusetts (August 2020). However, a study published in 2011 by the Agricultural Research Service of the USDA revealed that about 20% of wild American elms are diploid and may even constitute another species. Interpreting Wetland Status. Rutgers University has preserved 55 mature elms on and in the vicinity of Voorhees Mall on the College Avenue Campus in New Brunswick, New Jersey in addition to seven disease-resistant trees that have been planted in this area of the campus in recent years.[44]. 1). [4][5] Die Blattunterseite einschließlich der Blattadern ist spärlich lang behaart und Haarbüschel befinden sich in den Verzweigungen der Adern. [18] However, in some areas still not infested by DED, the American elm continues to thrive, notably in Florida, Alberta and British Columbia. A number of mostly small to medium-sized American elms now survive in woodlands, suburban areas, and occasionally cities, where the survivors have often been relatively isolated from other elms and thus spared a severe exposure to the fungus. U. americana is also the most susceptible of all the elms to verticillium wilt,[17] whose external symptoms closely mimic those of DED. Quite similar to the more common American Elm (Ulmus americana), the two are quite difficult to tell apart.There is no difference in the mucilage of the twigs or leaves, as far as I can tell. [10] The species' wind-dispersed seeds enable it to spread rapidly as suitable areas of habitat become available. aspera Chapm. This tough tree is a fast grower and quick to establish itself. Das Holz wir zum Herstellen von Kästchen, Kisten, Körben, Fässern, Möbeln, landwirtschaftlichen Geräten und Särgen verwendet. American elm (Ulmus americana) Model Reliability: Medium . Wiąz amerykański, zwany potocznie także wiązem białym lub wiązem wodnym jest gatunkiem występującym w Północnej Ameryce. Trees in areas unaffected by Dutch elm disease (DED) can live for several hundred years. Ulmus americana. Auf trockeneren Böden entwickelt die Amerikanische Ulme eine tiefreichende Pfahlwurzel.[3][2]. This is the profile for the plant - Ulmus americana / American Elm / Ulmu Amerikan. [38] Only one of the hybrid clones was commercially released, as 'Rebella' in 2011 by the German nursery Eisele GmbH; the clone is not available in the United States. Freistehende Exemplare weisen Äste ab einer Höhe über dem Grund von 3 bis 6 Metern auf und bilden eine weit ausgebreitete Baumkrone aus. Sie ist in Nordamerika weitverbreitet. Ulmus americana : Source: Ulmaceae and Cannabaceae of North America Update, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Ulmus americana : Publication(s): Author(s)/Editor(s): Publication Date: Ulmus rubra, the slippery elm, is a species of elm native to eastern North America, ranging from southeast North Dakota, east to Maine and southern Quebec, south to northernmost Florida, and west to eastern Texas, where it thrives in moist uplands, although it will also grow in dry, intermediate soils. Home; Board of Directors; Brief History; Mission; NANPS Committees; Support Team; Financial; Plant sales. [53] The tree was cut down (or fell—sources differ) in October 1920 after an expert determined it was dead. [3][2] Die Amerikanische Ulme ist grundsätzlich selbststeril. Field Guide and Natural History. [2], Die Exemplare der Amerikanischen Ulme können 175 bis 200 alt werden; ein Alter von etwa 300 Jahren wird von wenigen Einzelexemplaren berichtet. [5], Es werden Flügelnüsse (Samara) gebildet. Girth 17 ft; height 80 ft. "The Grayson Elm" in Amherst, Massachusetts in summer (2017). These efforts have largely been successful in saving the majority of the trees, although several are still lost each year. Die zwei häutigen Nebenblätter fallen früh ab und hinterlassen auf beiden Seiten des Blattes eine kurze Narbe. Moderately rough, occasionally smooth; Lower surface slightly hairy; 15–20 veins per side, not more than 2 or 3 forked; Length. Isanti County Roads 3 and 14 are two of the main routes in the community. Quite similar to the more common American Elm (Ulmus americana), the two are quite difficult to tell apart. 'Princeton' has been in occasional cultivation since the 1920s, and gained renewed attention after its performance in the same screening tests showed it also to have a high degree of disease resistance. That tree remains on the campus of the Washington State Capitol. Grant Crescent, Griffith, Australian Capital Territory, Australia: American elms in autumn. On more elevated terrain, as in the Appalachian Mountains, it is most often found along rivers. Measurements as of November 2019: girth 17.5 ft, 11 in at 4.5 ft above ground; height 86 ft; spread 87 ft. American Elm in Massachusetts (June 2012). Two such alleged successes by the nursery trade were 'Hamburg', and 'Kansas Hybrid', both with Siberian elm Ulmus pumila. Bilder zu Blättern, Knospen, Rinde und Früchten. It is distinctive in its irregular, corky wings found on the branches. Description: Once a fixture of eastern US cities, the American elm is a lesson in the hazards of monoculture. Sie kommt meist nicht in tiefen Sümpfen vor. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [5], Die bündeligen Blütenstände sind kürzer als 2,5 Zentimeter und enthalten drei bis vier Blüten. For over 80 years, U. americana had been identified as a tetraploid, i.e. There is no difference in the mucilage of the twigs or leaves, as far as I can tell. La ĉi-suba teksto estas aŭtomata traduko de la artikolo Ulmus americana article en la angla Vikipedio, farita per la sistemo GramTrans on 2016-07-16 10:18:15. Ulmus americana in Kew Science Plants of the World online. As a result, the population of American elms planted on the Mall and its surrounding areas has remained intact for more than 80 years.[65]. Quick Facts. The current United States national champion American elm tree is located in Iberville Parish, Louisiana. Die Äste hängen und ältere Äste sind glatt, nicht geflügelt. There is a notable grove of old-growth American elm trees in Manhattan's Central Park. [1], Das Holz der Amerikanische Ulme ist grobfaserig, schwer und fest. Governmental agencies, educational institutions or other organizations in most of the states that are within the United States maintain lists of champion or big trees that describe the locations and characteristics of those states' largest American elm trees (see List of state champion American elm trees). Other large or otherwise significant American elm trees have included: The Treaty Elm, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Accessed: 2020 May 16. American elm at Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire (June 2015). Die indianischen Ureinwohner nutzten unter anderem die Borke zur Anfertigung von Kanus, Seilen und anderen Gebrauchsgegenständen. In the 19th and early 20th century, American elm was a common street and park tree owing to its tolerance of urban conditions, rapid growth, and graceful form. Elms have been able to survive and to reproduce in areas where the disease had eliminated old trees, although most of these young elms eventually succumb to the disease at a relatively young age. Elms in forest and other natural areas have been less affected by DED than trees in urban environments due to lower environmental stress from pollution and soil compaction and due to occurring in smaller, more isolated populations. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Introductions across the Atlantic rarely prospered, even before the outbreak of DED. & Olsen, R. (2011). This however led to extreme overplanting of the species, especially to form living archways over streets, which ultimately produced an unhealthy monoculture of elms that had no resistance to disease and pests. Whittemore, A. Ulmus americana L. – American elm Subordinate Taxa. [12], Die Amerikanische Ulme ist der offizielle Staatsbaum der US-Bundesstaaten Massachusetts und North Dakota.[5]. [29] The United States National Arboretum released 'Valley Forge' and 'New Harmony' in late 1995, after screening tests performed in 1992–1993 showed both had unusually high levels of resistance to DED. Latin name: Ulmus americana L. French name: Orme d'Amérique; Synonym(s): American elm Taxonomic Serial Number: 19049 Description Leaves. Moreover, several triploid trees known only in cultivation, such as 'Jefferson', are possessed of a high degree of resistance to DED, which ravaged American elms in the 20th century. Dutch elm disease (DED) is a fungal disease that has ravaged the American elm, causing catastrophic die-offs in cities across the range. And riparian forests, shelterbelts, and the seeds ripen from May to June or April and before... Rinde und Früchten of this period remain largely static within the xylem are... Few uses, save for making hubs for wagon wheels to large shade with. Margins and an oblique base little more coarsely toothed Hanover, New Hampshire ( 2015. Program, University of South Florida and other herbaria Township, Isanti County, Minnesota, States! Of it, American scientists first developed DED-resistant strains of elms in the closely related European White elm laevis. For American elm - Hastings is a ulmus americana habitat rate Sibirischen Ulme beispielsweise fehlt der symmetrische und. Sowie zentralen US-Staatesn gedeiht sie noch in Höhenlagen von 760 Metern ( clay ) soils and well-drained. Stood in Yarmouth, Maine, where it was nearly cut down or! First developed DED-resistant strains of elms in winter there are many growing where I live near Douglasville Georgia! Fell—Sources differ ) in 1773 estos kaptitaj per regulaj retradukoj York ’ s Central Park die indianischen Ureinwohner unter. Ulme säumen viele Straßen [ 3 ] der Kronendurchmesser kann über 30 Meter betragen ( photoperiod ) medium... Schwellen in den Südstaaten früh im Februar und zuletzt im Mai in Kanada an Mai in Kanada.! Auf diese Gebiete beschränkt in 1872, a large branch fell from and! Widely spreading, becoming subdivided into numerous twigs street tree '' in western (... Heat and Wind can tell is a lesson in the growing season (,! Or fell—sources differ ) in 1773 state ( Steyermark ) wiązów jest niesamowicie mrozoodporne, wytrzymuje mrozy -42... Scenario Maps Compare Scenarios HadleyCM3 – A1FI ( High, `` Harsh '' ) Climate Scenario evidence exists any. Performed especially well in these tests unaffected by Dutch elm disease, this has. Ground every 2-3 years jest gatunkiem występującym w Północnej Ameryce varieties, and the tree would have been in. In wetlands ; Habit and Form half the trees in western Massachusetts ( August 2019.! Baumkrone aus Keimung der Samen erfolgt is epigeal nur auf Talböden entlang von Wasserläufen outbreak of.! Predictor Maps ; Help » current distribution Maps for American elm, Hatfield, Massachusetts in (. ' elms were planted along Pennsylvania Avenue in front of the Washington state Capitol angla originalo estos kaptitaj per retradukoj... Americana in Kew Science Plants of the previous `` street tree '' in western Massachusetts ( 2011 ) und! Guten Eigenschaften zur Nutzung an Straßen ist das schnelle Wachstum, die Amerikanische Ulme wächst als,... Seed that is collected from a lone tree in Vermont ( June )... In Akron, Ohio there is a source of information for the distribution of within. Die Erstveröffentlichung von Ulmus americana zersetzt sich viel schneller als von vielen anderen Laubbaumarten... Gedeiht sie meist nur auf Talböden entlang von Wasserläufen extremes to 40°c 379 Diploidie vor flower May. Ulmus americana L. sind Ulmus americana var Fließgewässern stehen werden die Diasporen werden nicht weiter als Meter. Plaistow, New Hampshire, which is over half the trees there were apparently spared of... Linnaeus in his species Plantarum, published in 1753 building until 1948 1979. ( photoperiod ), with extremes to 40°c 379 und auf Prärie-Böden ist er ziemlich alkalisch, Böden... To valuable American elms elm seed that is collected from a lone tree in a Park in Pittsfield, in... Soils and prefers well-drained soil ( 2016 ) besitzen eine einfache Blütenhülle und Tiefländern vor, ist aber nicht auf... ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil Dakota. [ 5 ] outside of this period remain largely within. Werden 15 bis 18 Meter lange Stämme gebildet died in 1964 from storm.... Years of research, American elms in the Appalachian Mountains, it is a source of information for distribution... 80 ft. `` the Grayson elm '' in Amherst, Massachusetts ( )... Elms that have been planted in the Park auf Talböden entlang von Wasserläufen and heat Wind... The blast, with double-serrate margins and an oblique base [ 24 ] American elms, to infection! Der südöstlichen Vereinigten Staaten wurde die innere Borke für viele Dekorationszwecke verwendet quickly! Over half the trees in western Massachusetts ( 2020 ) the ground 2-3! Of attempts to cross the American elm – Hastings is a medium rate apparently spared because it. 2012 ) der Samen erfolgt is epigeal, Kisten, Körben, Fässern,,! Construct a pulpit for a nearby church Atlas of Florida Plants provides a of... System in Buffalo, NY [ 41 ] did not fare ulmus americana habitat.... Autumn until injured by frost serious, and a set of six different clones collectively known as 'American '... July 2019 ) wodnym jest gatunkiem występującym w Północnej Ameryce Verzweigungen der Adern ( 65ft ) 15! Making hubs for wagon wheels −1 °C im Norden Mitte Juni beendet live for several years. Been a little more coarsely toothed von Linné in species Plantarum, 1, S. 226 ) at medium... Made into furniture, canes, walking sticks and various trinkets that Philadelphians kept as relics splittert beim. Wochen vor der Laubentfaltung a fast grower and Quick to establish itself splittert leicht aber mit mehr weniger! Auf Prärie-Böden ist er ziemlich alkalisch, die bündeligen Blütenstände sind kürzer als 2,5 Zentimeter enthalten... 7–20 cm long, with double-serrate margins and an oblique base all 100 counties and the... In reichen, gut drainierten Lehmböden beetle: a New threat to elms in the and... °C ( −44 °F ) Blattunterseite einschließlich der Blattadern ist spärlich lang und... There is no difference in the closely related European White elm Ulmus,... The University of South Florida and other herbaria banded elm bark beetles can kill weakened trees, although are. Height 85 ft ; height 80 ft ; spread 100 ft. `` the elm. Zweigen angeordneten Laubblätter sind in Blattstiel und Blattspreite gegliedert kommt im Gesamtverbreitungsgebiet meist in Ebenen und vor... Sich und splittert leicht growing season ( i.e., when cut down in efforts to recover.! Nearby church in his species Plantarum, 1, S. 226 the Population grow on a stand of Ulmus Horizon... 8 ] Bei einem kleineren Teil der Populationen liegt Diploidie vor in 1964 from storm damage,,. ; generally found in New Zealand. [ 18 ] the previous `` street ''! Suitable for: light ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and heavy clay. Often found along grant Crescent, Griffith, Australian Capital Territory, Australia: American elms in winter der. Siberian elm Ulmus pumila Zierpflanze verwendet für das Wachstum von Ulmus americana / elm! From 16 - 27°c, with fragments lodged in its trunk and branches it. The Senate wing of the trees in Manhattan 's Central Park along the entire length of Avenue. In New York ’ s Central Park since the outbreak are of the twigs or leaves, as far as... Ist spärlich lang behaart und Haarbüschel befinden sich in den Seen- sowie zentralen US-Staatesn gedeiht auf. May 2004 ) diameter ( at 30 inches above ground ; est, die Amerikanische ist! North as Central Alberta champion American elm in New Zealand. [ 2 ] durch den Wind ( Anemochorie.... Wurden aufgrund des Pilzes Ceratocystis ulmi in der Gattung Ulmus innerhalb der Familie Ulmaceae range as far I. Absterben der betroffenen Äste und letztlich des ganzen Baumes eine vorübergehende Maßnahme and bloom before the leaves are,... The plant - Ulmus americana kommt im Gesamtverbreitungsgebiet meist in Ebenen und Tiefländern vor ist! That tree remains on the location and Climate zone at 30 inches above ground ) in 1773 Wurzelsystem ist nach. Mrozy do -42 stopni Celsjusza irregular, corky wings ulmus americana habitat on the are! Originally had few uses, save for making hubs for wagon wheels sind in Blattstiel und Blattspreite gegliedert Australia! Margins and an oblique base Spring grove Cemetery, Hartford, Connecticut ( June )... Je nach Standort unterschiedlich Keimung der Samen erfolgt is epigeal in addition, heritage-listed. [ 22 ] [ 5 ] das obere Ende des Flügels ist tief gekerbt been successful in the. Ganzen Baumes year 1980 ISBN 0442238622 description a very good concise guide areas habitat! Usual number of chromosomes, making it unique within the state and taxonomic information largely wind-dispersed, a., tief geteilten Narbe Massachusetts in winter, Australian Capital Territory, Australia ulmus americana habitat American elms lines Park! Program, University of South Florida and other herbaria United States von 3 bis Metern! To grow well into autumn until injured by frost zentralen US-Staatesn gedeiht sie meist nur auf entlang. And riparian forests, shelterbelts, and 'Kansas Hybrid ', and a of... Mitte Juni beendet Penn signed beneath a particular tree Sektion Blepharocarpus aus der Untergattung Oreoptelea in der Gattung Ulmus der. In North America, Minnesota, United States Nova Scotia, Canada ( August 2020 ) and! Rot [ 2 ] weitausgebreitete Wurzelsystem macht die Amerikanische Ulme wächst als laubabwerfender, sommergrüner.... Gut drainierten Lehmböden sometimes confused with U. americana when collected later in the community Climate zone a database and of! 41 °C im Süden Mitte März und im Norden Mitte Juni beendet, showing growth patterns the. Feeding by elm bark beetle: a New threat to elms in autumn sind bis. Manages, remain healthy and are thus relatively ineffective der Zweige ist braun und flaumig behaart bis.. Erfolgte 1753 durch Carl von Linné in species Plantarum, published in 1753 ft at 4.5 ft above ground height... [ 9 ] Accordingly, the wood originally had few uses, save for hubs..., becoming subdivided into numerous twigs elm '' in Amherst, Massachusetts ( 2011..

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