In 1821, Costa Rica became one of several Central American provinces that jointly declared their independence from Spain. Since that day, Costa Rica has been investing in education, natural heritage and developing strategies for supporting workers’ rights. 1963-64 - Irazu volcano erupts, causing serious damage to agriculture. Cartago is an excellent city in Costa Rica to experience culture and history without the crazy hustle and bustle of San Jose. ! Mais de petites communautés se sédentarisent progressivement : on estime qu'à l'arrivée des Espagnols, au XVI e siècle, le territoire actuel du pays est occupé par 400 000 personnes [1]. President of Costa Rica. Honored by the government, her portrait hangs in the Alajuela museum dedicated to Juan Santamaría and the Campaign of 1856. Ecuador may be small in relation to its South American neighbors, but it has a long, rich history dating back to before the Inca Empire. While this fact is certainly a blessing, it does not mean that it was a simple process. The holidays in Costa Rica are a time for celebration, and Costa Rica’s native Ticos and Ticas welcome any chance to celebrate. Costa Rica Fact Sheet. Soon after Mexico declared independence GeneralIrtubide was declared emperor of Mexico and tried to brin… The victorious junta drafted a constitution guaranteeing free elections with universal suffrage and the abolition of the military. It is bounded on the north by Nicaragua, on the east by the Caribbean Sea, on the southeast by 1838 - Costa Rica becomes fully independent. The young Juan Santamaria bravely volunteered to burn down the fort. The golden bands that the region's Carib Indians wore as earrings and nose rings inspired the crew to name the country Costa Rica, meaning Rich Coast. The most extraordinary and quixotic artifacts left by Costa Rica’s ancestors are the astonishing stone spheres found near Palmar Norte and Palmar Sur in Corcovado. This section details everything related to the Costa Rican government including: the political structure, current president, major political parties, and special interest groups.To stay current, be sure to check out political news & updates, labor laws, and environmental laws.. Brief Political History. There is every reason to be optimistic about the future of Costa Rica. km). L'histoire du Costa Rica commence entre 12 000 et 8 000 av. Visit this site for this Costa Rican Timeline detailing Key historical dates and events. The History of Palmares Fiestas. The Spanish conquest began in 1524. While settlers were clearing land for coffee plantations in the late 1800’s, they happened upon an archeological site that remains one of Costa Rica‘s most famous ones today. Arrange all the small, but important details of your Costa Rica trip itinerary using our Costa Rica … "With more than 2,000 dead, the 44-day Costa Rican Civil War resulting from this uprising was the bloodiest event in twentieth-century Costa Rican history." Unlike many of its neighbors, however, the Ticosmanaged to do it without bloodshed or revolution. Costa Rica’s history starts with the movement of tribes southwards from North America during the last Ice Age between 13,000 and 17,000 years ago. However, the country does have an interesting military history. Although she tended to the women’s work of cooking, mending and caring for the sick, at the battle of Rivas she picked up a rifle; her shooting skill help the Ticos to recover a cannon, an important step toward preserving Costa Rica’s independence. The result is a nation of laid-back, friendly, and happy people. We highly recommend it if you’re interested in experiencing the Costa Rican Catholic aspect or to visit a less touristic area. 2005 January - National emergency declared as days of heavy rain lead to serious flooding along the Caribbean coast. Costa Rica Historic Sites: See reviews and photos of historic sites in Costa Rica, Central America on Tripadvisor. She came to Costa Rica in 1931 as a Salesian nun of the Order of Don Bosco and worked tirelessly to help the poor and the oppressed, founding homes for the abandoned and homeless. Costa Rica kŏs´tə rē´kə [key], officially Republic of Costa Rica, republic (2015 est. Come with me to learn more about this historic conflict. 1808 - … A large part of the population identifies with the Catholic Church, and so share most religious holidays, but many of their traditions and celebrations are unique to Costa Rica. A trip to Costa Rica also lets you discover pristine national parks, ensuring plenty of chances to view wildlife from the comfort of eco-friendly lodges packed with amenities even ardent nature lovers secretly desire. Costa Rica's valuable crops are sugar and above all coffee until a third, bananas, is added in the late 19th century. Bryan Oviedo. Politician. The National Orchid Exhibition. Ecotourism unites conservation with local communities and incorporates important aspects of sustainable travel. The region grew slowly and was administered as a Spanish province. Costa Rica already existed. While sharing with its neighbors the experiences of colonial exploitation and commodity-export dependency, Costa Rica managed to rise above. It was here all along and Costa Rica discovered Europeans in 1502! The Costa Rican farmers had the more important concern of raising crops to occupy their attention. Most of us have heard of self-declared 19th century commander William Walker but we don’t always know the details of his relationship to Costa Rica. 1502 - Christopher Columbus visits the area, naming it Costa Rica, (Rich Coast), but disease and resistance by the local population delay the establishment of a permanent settlement for nearly 60 years. Related Topics. Actor. In the last twenty years, eco-tourism and technology have taken off and become top-earning industries in the country. Costa Rica has been inhabited as far back as 5000 years BC by indigenous people. 2009 October - Former president Rafael Angel Calderon is sentenced to five years in jail after being convicted of corruption. Later in 1948, Jose Figueres started a civil war in which 2000 people died; the war only lasted 44 days and was the bloodiest event ever to take place in Costa Rica. When it became apparent that the rich coast was poorer than its neighbors, the colonists switched their focus to agricultural development. The indigenous cultures fled to the Talamanca mountain ranges where they remain to this day. J.-C. L'isthme centraméricain n'est d'abord qu'un lieu de passage vers l'Amérique du Sud. A dispute ensues over whether Costa Rica should join an independent Mexico or a confederation of Central American states. You see evidence of the indigenous influences in arts and crafts available throughout Costa Rica in the form of handcrafted ceramics, ornaments, and jewelry. The Guayabo National Monument is shrouded in mystery to this day but does reveal the existence of an ancient society of some sophistication. Bananas, coffee, sugar and beef are still important exports. Costa Ricans enjoy a high standard of living, and land ownership is widespread. Costa Rica as part of the Kingdom of Guatemala became independent of Spain when the captain general of Guatemala proclaimed independence. Modern politics in Costa Rica began just after a brief civil war in 1948. But luckily, rights for the indigenous people have been put on the agenda and tourists can support them by visiting their villages and tribes. The area remained a colony for some two and a half centuries. The Chorotega people actually used the bean as currency up until the 1930s. 1985 - US-trained anti-guerrilla force begins operating following clashes with Sandinista troops. In 1502, during his fourth and final trip to the Americas, Christopher Columbus landed in Costa Rica. They keep their maiden name for life along with their mother’s maiden name. Achieving Costa Rica Independence was one of the most important events... Freedom for Spain. Sep 18, 1502, The Discovery of Costa Rica Sep 22, 1980, Depression Apr 24, 1944, Coming Back Home Oct 10, 1665, Piracy! 31 July 1976. Travel Tips … Costa Rica was inhabited by an estimated 400,000 Indians when Columbus explored it in 1502. 2008 November - Chinese President Hu Jintao makes highest-level visit by a Chinese official since Costa Rica ended diplomatic relations with Taiwan in 2007. 2006 February-March - Presidential election ends in a neck-and-neck race between Oscar Arias and Otton Solis. Achieving Independence was one of the most important events in Costa Rica history. Fast facts and information for students, children & kids via the Costa Rican Timeline. Our love of the country runs so deep, the red-eyed tree frog and hummingbird in our logo was a tribute to its formative influence on this website. Expat Focus. Important information, general facts like geography and demographics, famous people, languages, and history of Costa Rica. Key dates in Costa Rica's history: ... image caption Eco-tourism is important for Costa Rica's economy. In Costa Rica, it is against the law to hurt the bull in any way. 1948 - Six-week civil war over a disputed presidential election result. You can call it superstition or whatever you want to, but in Costa Rica, all Catholic Churches face west. 2009 March - President Arias says Costa Rica to re-establish ties with Cuba, 48 years after they broken off in 1961. Daniel Zovatto. In fact, they had to win their freedo… Costa Rica is one of the few countries in the world that doesn't have an army. Footballer. Mr Solis concedes defeat after a manual count and legal challenges. The first evidence of human settlement in Costa Rica comes from around 10,000BC (12,000 years ago). Costarica History. Home » Costa Rica Facts » Costa Rica History. Festivals all over the country in honor of San Isidro, the patron saint of the peasant, blessings of animals and harvest, as well as parades and markets. 2003 May - Energy and telecommunications workers strike over President Pacheco's privatisation plans; teachers strike over problems in paying their salaries. It pales in comparison to nearby Cartago and is a thoroughly modernised centre of industry today. Learn about 16 famous, scandalous and important events that happened in 1502 or search by date or keyword. It should minimize impact and provide a financial incentive for conservation. Costa Rica - Costa Rica - People: Nearly four-fifths of Costa Rica’s population is of European descent, and, as a result, Costa Rica has the largest percentage of people of Spanish descent in Central America. The cacao bean (from which chocolate is made) was a highly prized and sacred crop among the Chorotega and Bribri people in Costa Rica. “ It is free and offers important events in Costa Rican history as well as exhibits of contemporary Costa Rican artists. The first came in 1855 with the arrival of William Walker. Costa Rica’s indigenous history is not as prominent as it is in other Latin American cultures or even others just in Central America. Óscar Arias. At the time, about 400,000 ... Costa Rica's First Successful Colony. Costa Rican footballer. Costa Rica Independence The Most important part of Costa Rican History. 29 May 1959. As one of the youngest capitals in the region, San Jose's history is not extensive. The event is broadcast on multiple television networks in Costa Rica. Today Costa Rica is a glittering gem of the world environmental movement. 4,808,000), 19,575 sq mi (50,700 sq km), Central America. The Costa Rican farmers hadthe more important concern of raising crops to occupy their attention. “ Walking through the doors evokes the history of CR, and the rooms are filled with more history of the country that helped me deepen my appreciation for Costa Rica beyond eco-tourism. Tourism is a growing industry. 2007 June - Costa Rica switches diplomatic allegiance from Taiwan to China in a bid to attract Chinese investment. Walker and his army invaded the Guanacaste province at the now Santa Rosa National Park and the Costa Rican army expelled and followed them into Rivas, Nicaragua. 13 September 1940. His ambitions to turn Central America into slaving territory. Sor María Romero was born in Nicaragua in 1902 and died in 1977 but she is known and loved throughout Costa Rica and soon may be Costa Rica’s first saint. A chronology of key events in the history of Costa Rica, from the arrival of the Christopher Columbus to the present Well, that may please Spanish historians, but it is not actually what happened in this episode of Costa Rica history. Horse Parade : El Tope Nacional – December 26th More than 3,000 horses trot down the Second Avenue year after year on December 26th to celebrate the long-standing tradition of the horse parade. In fact, they had to win their freedom not once but twice! 1874 - US businessman Minor Cooper Keith introduces banana cultivation and starts the United Fruit Company. 1540 onwards - Costa Rica is part of the vice-royalty of New Spain. In the second round, they achieved full independence within Central America. The Costa Rican Timeline provides a record of events in the order of their occurrence. 2010 February - Costa Rica elects first woman president, Laura Chinchilla, who takes office in May. These events were followed by an era of peace and prosperity until 1917, when fro two years General Federico Tinoco Granados had power as a military dictator. Find out more about the greatest Costa Ricans, including Keylor Navas, Harry Shum Jr., Franklin Chang Díaz, Laura Chinchilla and Oscar Arias Sanchez. It lasted for 44 days (from 12 March to 24 April 1948), during which approximately 2,000 people are believed to have died. My Costa Rica (CostaRica.Org) is a Travel Agency that offers Custom Costa Rica Vacations & Packages Including Hotels, All-Inclusive Resorts and Tours. In fact, some historians argue that the present culture of this country was primarily founded upon these more dominant indigenous cultures. Costa Rica as part of the Kingdom of Guatemala became independent of Spain when the captaingeneral of Guatemala proclaimed independence. 1974 - Daniel Oduber (PLN) elected president and pursues socialist policies. The most famous national landmarks in Costa Rica take you on a whirlwind tour through the country’s long and illustrious history, showcasing the fact that Costa Rica is as rich in cultural and historical treasures as she is in nature-filled ones. pop. Costa Rica’s push towards ecotourism began with the establishment of the Cabo Blanco National Reserve in 1963 and the first national parks in 1971. Achieving Independence was one of the most important events in Costa Rica history. Historical Events 1821-09-15 Act of Independence of Central America: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras & Nicaragua declare their independence from the Spanish Empire 1824-07-25 Costa Rica annexes Guanacaste from Nicaragua. 2007 May - Government says Costa Rica on course to become first voluntarily 'carbon neutral' country. Maribel Guardia. As the story goes, Christopher Columbus landed on a small island located by, As the landowners were quite poor and isolated from the, The Most important part of Costa Rican History, William Walker The Filibuster and Juan Santamaria The Hero, San Juan Santamaria International Airport. 2007 October - National referendum narrowly decides in favour of ratifying the Central American Free Trade Agreement (Cafta). 1821 - Central America gains independence from Spain. 1823 - Costa Rica joins the United Provinces of Central America, which also embraces El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. Language: Spanish Main religion: Catholic Ethnic Makeup: Spanish, Italian, German, Jewish, Polish, Creole English, Jamaican, Atlantic slave, and indigenous descendants History Back in the 16th century, when the Spanish explorers arrived in what today is called Costa Rica, all they found was a region scarcely populated by several poorly organized tribes. As with most native tribes, their numbers are dwindling as their traditions and lands are usurped by modern societies. However, it is Costa Rica's largest city and retains a number of monuments of yesteryear, … That’s far earlier than originally thought. News about Costa Rica, including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times. The people famous in Costa Rica are people of repute who have strived hard to be the pride of the people of Costa Rica. Costa Rica Becomes Independent. 1982 - Luis Alberto Monge (PLN) elected president and introduces harsh austerity programme. 1978 - Rodrigo Carazo, a conservative, elected president amid a sharp deterioration in the economy. 2000 - President Rodriguez and his Nicaraguan counterpart resolve long-standing dispute over navigation along San Juan river, which serves as their border. Today Costa Rica is a relatively prosperous country with a well developed welfare system. The Valle Central, with more than half the country’s population, is the most predominantly Spanish region in both its manner of living and its ancestry. We don't even have a military any more! Today, Costa Rica is strongly shaped by its Spanish influences as well as Catholicism. Most Popular Now | 56,514 people are reading stories on the site right now. 1917 - Frederico Tinoco ousts the elected president, Alfredo Gonzalez, but is himself deposed two years later. 1958-73 - Costa Rica governed by mainly conservative administrations. 1987-10-13 Costa Rican President Oscar Arias wins Nobel Peace Prize. The victorious junta, however, resulted in a constitution that gave way to free elections with universal suffrage and the total abolition of the army. 1561 - Spain's Juan de Cavallon leads the first successful colonisers into Costa Rica. As elsewhere in Latin America, the United Fruit Company plays a major role in the cultivation and export of bananas. The freshly earned independence and road to democracy was to receive a couple more blows before reaching stability. In the 1840s the town became one of the important centres of coffee production, which remained the chief source of Costa Rica’s income throughout the 19th century. As the landowners were quite poor and isolated from the Spanish Colonial centers of Mexico, Guatemala, and the Andes, and because there were very few indigenous labor forces to help, the first Costa Rican settlers soon turned into an autonomous and individual agrarian society. https://www.tripadvisor.com/Attractions-g291982-Activities-c49-Costa_Rica.html 18 February … But the facts do paint a colorful picture of this Central American nation, where democracy has prevailed for more than 60 years , Catholicism is the state religion, the government is stable, and the environment is of great importance. 1808 - Coffee is introduced into Costa Rica from Cuba and becomes the principal crop. It wasn't an easy country to conquer, largely due to its varied terrain and the lack of valuable mineral resources. Costa Rica’s seamounts — mountains rising from the ocean floor that do not break the surface of the water — create rich feeding grounds for native species and provide habitats for migratory species like hammerhead sharks, manta rays, turtles, whales and tuna. Limon was quickly abandoned in favor of the Central Valley, however, partially due to the heat and humidity. Relations with the native people became friendly enough that they brought him a number of items of gold, possibly prompting… The few remaining members of these tribes are trying to hold on to their customs and old way of life, although this is getting harder to maintain, and live in small villages in remote regions of the country. Privatisation plans ; teachers strike over problems in paying their salaries Rica began just after a manual count and challenges! 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