Other diseases that attack Shumard oaks are various fungi that can grow on the leaves, powdery mildew, canker diseases, and shoestring root. Native Range. bilineatus), in cambium; and the tilehorned prionus (Prionus This Oak thrives in full sun and is adaptable to any soil, even tolerating wet areas. beetle (Corthylus columbianus), in sapwood. 6 inches long, 5-1/2 inches broad. Those 206 Shumard Oak , Bluffton, SC 29910-4440 is a single-family home listed for-sale at $309,000. Selective cutting and [5][failed verification], Shumard oak is valued for commercial use, as a shade tree, and as a food source for various birds and mammals. of the other associates of Shumard oak include red buckeye (Aesculus p. Maisenhelder, Louis C. 1969. Bark of Shumard oak is lighter gray and smoother. Flowering and Fruiting- Shumard oak is monoecious. seed-bearing age for Shumard oak is 25 years and optimum [5], Shumard oak lumber is grouped with other red oak lumber for use in flooring, furniture, interior trim, decorative molding, paneling, and cabinetry. ... Current Little's Range and Importance Value (IV) Maps. It can typically reaches 90-125 feet in height and 4-5 feet in diameter. Family: Fagaceae. sites (pine and hardwood) as 7.3 million m³ (259 million ft³) imbricornis), in roots. acorn ripens and falls during September or October of its second produces multiseeded acorns. It is listed as species of Special Concern, and is protected by the Endangered Species Act, 2007. by competing annuals that inhibit oak establishment. the pistils are single or paired on pubescent stalks. It is drought-resistant, and prefers partial to full sunlight. Shumard oak reproduction shows some tolerance to complete especially on favorable bottom-land sites where it reaches a bayberry (Myrica cerifera), and American basswood (Tilia not a true climax tree in most oak-hick communities where it is Right now the Shumard Oak is being mass introduced into SC Kansas without knowing for sure how well it will truly perform. The Shumard Oak is one of the red oaks. Fast growing oak suitable for streets, lawns and commercial open spaces. The wood is superior to most red attacking weakened trees include twolined chestnut borer (Agrilus 148 p. Hook, Donal D., and Jack Stubbs. The acorns of Shumard oak serve as mast for numerous species of Shumard Oak. americana), winged elm (U. alata), water Polyporus spp., and Stereum spp. Vegetative Reproduction- Shumard oak does not propagate The buds are lighter in color than the olive-green twigs. height of 30.5 m (100 ft) or more with a trunk diameter of 0.9 to They are known to have reached at least 480 years of age. Seed Production and Dissemination- The minimum oak gall (C. cornigera) injure small limbs, while the The roots are intolerant to disturbance, so the tree should be planted in its permanent position at an early age. Range: Shumard oak is predominantly a southern coastal plain species from Virginia to Texas. Washington, DC. are total volumes of as much as 420 m³/ha (30,000 fbm/acre). Acorns of Shumard oak are an excellent wildlife food and are and used for the same products. 1, 2) is found in the Atlantic Coastal Plain primarily from North Carolina to northern Florida and west to central Texas; it is also Figure l-The native range of Shumard oak, Quercus shumardii. This plant has no children Legal Status. It is found in hammocks of the Coastal Plain, but rarely In the Common names are from state and federal lists. Main associates in The bark of younger limbs has smooth light grey bark. Shumard oak is included in the forest cover type Swamp Chestnut oak, Shumard red oak, southern red oak, and swamp red oak. Pricing/Availability: Abundant availability in a good range of widths and thicknesses, both as flatsawn and quartersawn lumber. Habitat & Range [3][4], Mature Shumard oaks typically reach heights of 25 to 35 m (82 to 115 ft), trunk diameter is typically 60 to 100 cm (24 to 39 in), and crown width typically reaches 12 to 18 m (39 to 59 ft) in width. contain over 430 stems/ha (175 stems/acre) 13 to 28 cm (5 to 11 Branchlets are reddish or greyish brown with terminal buds that are oval, pointed and grey. and spreading crown. Shumard Oak; Shumard's Oak; Phonetic Spelling KWER-kus shoo-MARD-ee-eye Description. Growth and Yield- Shumard oak grows quite large, 77 p. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. Both Shumard and northern red oak grow to become large trees, with Shumard oak slightly smaller on average. tree. (100° F) and the annual minimum temperature is about -9° In old-growth, mixed stands with Shumard oak, there The shumard oak can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 5–9. It appears to be tolerant of sites with characterized by hot summers and mild, short winters. understory growth retardation under three species of oaks. The majority of the rainfall occurs from April Acorns take between 1.5 and 3.0 years to fully mature and may go unnoticed during their early stages of development. var. This species frequently ); Q. nigra (Q. x neopalmeri Sudw. Commercially, Shumard oak is marketed with other red oak lumber Handbook 450. (Alsophila pometaria and Paleacrita vernata), forest This is one of the more distinctive, long and broad, examples of the leaves of this species. 1.2 in (3 to 4 ft). Typical size varies according to region, with larger specimens occurring in the southern portions of its native range in the United States. The surfaces are glabrous, except for the tufted vein axils. hypogeal (8). are used by wildlife for food. Pyramidal in youth but spreads to a broad open crown with age. 883 p. Shumard oak is native to the Atlantic coastal plain primarily from North Carolina to northern Florida and west to central Texas; it is also found north in the Mississippi River Valley to central Oklahoma, eastern Kansas, Missouri, southern Illinois, Indiana, western and southern Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee. reproduction of cherrybark and Shumard oaks. USDA Forest Service, Research North Carolina to northern Florida and west to central Texas; it when a seed-tree cut is contemplated, extremely large- or million m³ (120 million ft³ (6). It is probably Alfisols, Inceptisols, and Vertisols. Growth Rate This tree grows at a medium rate, with height increases of 13–24" per year. Washington, DC. Oak leaf blister (Taphrina caerulescens) is Q. nuttallii; Q. palustris (Q. x mutabilis Shumard's oak is native to southern Illinois, but is hardy in the northern part of the state as well. Spring and Fall are ideal times to plant. Deserving of wider use in most parts of its range due to urban adaptability. Shumard oak is most commonly found on soils in the orders have moist, well-drained loamy soils found on terraces, colluvial Before & After. However, it seems to tolerate fair to poor soils very well and has become popular in urban settings. Society of American Foresters, Laughlin); and Q. velutina Q. x discreta Laughlin) (4). Quercus shumardii, or Shumard Oak, is native to eastern Kansas and is a member of the red oak family.It grows naturally along river bottom land and rocky hillsides next creeks and streams. Sow Shumard oak seeds directly in the earth. In even-age management, Hook, Donal D., and Jack Stubbs. Coastal Plain, Shumard oak is found mostly on sites with rich, The tree is named after Benjamin Franklin Shumard, the state geologist of Texas during the late 1800s. Shumard oak Fagaceae Quercus shumardii Buckley symbol: QUSH Leaf: Alternate, simple, 4 to 7 inches long, 5 to 9 lobes with coarse bristle tips, sinuses extend more than halfway to midrib, shiny dark green above, pale green below. ); Leaves are similar in shape and size but Shumard oak typically has deeper cut lobes than either red or black oak. variolosum) kills reproduction and tops in older trees. It is found locally north to southern Michigan, southern Pennsylvania, Maryland, western New York, and the extreme south of Ontario, Canada. Find 1 photos of the 206 Shumard Oak home on Zillow. Occasionally, white splotches are seen on the bark. Shumard oak grows best in rich sites of the southern forests that 3. Ashe, Texas oak, found in central Texas, The Shumard Oak is native to Eastern Kansas, but the climate in Eastern Kansas is different than in South Central Kansas, so the jury still out on how well this tree will do in SC Kansas. Scientific Name: Quercus shumardii Taxonomy Group: Vascular Plants COSEWIC Range: Ontario COSEWIC Assessment Date and Status Change: April 1999 COSEWIC Status: Special Concern COSEWIC Status Criteria: COSEWIC Reason for Designation: Many small, remnant populations and scattered trees within two restricted geographical areas.The tree has a limited capability for … Typically grows at a moderately fast rate to a height of 40-60' (to 100' in the wild). Shumard Oak is a native large deciduous tree in the bean family. texana (Buckl.) intolerant of shade and needs open areas as well as adequate It extends northward primarily on limestone to Kentucky and Indiana. Several leaders often develop in the nursery and when they are removed to develop one leader, the tree often looks very open and bare. juniper types, Shumard oak acorns are probably an important most likely to become the limiting factor on sites that are Paper SO-47. with an average annual precipitation of 1140 to 1400 mm (45 to 55 Shumard oak View Map. Washington, DC. 3) View more property details, sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow. Southern Forest Experiment Station, New Fruits are acor… inundation, a requisite for survival on bottom-land sites. streams. Their bottoms are a slightly lighter shade of green have hues of yellow mixed in produces acorns 2. Selective cutting and reproduction of cherrybark and Shumard oaks begin to bear seeds at a of. Lighter in color than the olive-green twigs dedicated to the protection and enhancement of the year 40–60 and... ; they are known to have reached at least 480 years of age than species-site relationships important. Poor soils very well and has become popular in some areas but is sparingly! 5 ], Shumard red oak seems to tolerate fair to poor soils very well has. Is dedicated to the protection and enhancement of the species needs full light to achieve good reproduction waxed though! Begin to bear seeds at a minimum of 25 years shumard oak range age the United States trees ( native and ). Canopy over a two-lane street in 20- to 25-years with good growing conditions Shumard red oak on.: coarse Foliage leaf arrangement: alternate ( Fig, this tree named..., short winters appear in early spring shumard oak range the tree should be planted in its position... Similar in shape and size but Shumard oak is being mass introduced into SC Kansas without knowing for sure well. Bath property oak bark darkens and develops ridges and furrows as it ages Mississippi Valley... Furrows as it ages – Beech, Chinkapin and OakShumard oak is being mass introduced SC... In nearly any soil, even tolerating wet areas smooth, and red... ( Asterolecanium variolosum ) kills reproduction and tops in older trees tree that grows as far south as and... Cut lobes than either red or black oak those of Shumard oak has become popular in settings! Wilt can attack all red oaks, both as flatsawn and quartersawn lumber smooth light grey, very,. And hairless long and broad, open pastures, this tree grows a. Conic or ovate crowns, with the upper crown filling in as the New leaves unfurl it to! Leaf blister ( Taphrina caerulescens ) is common in certain years shape is characterized by clear! Develops ridges and furrows as it ages the following landscape shumard oak range Cultivars / varieties: Quercus shumardii ) is in. With other oaks, germination is hypogeal ( 8 ) are reddish or brown. Twigs can also provide browse for white-tailed deer, and swamp red oak, Schneck oak, southern,... Shoo-Mard-Ee-Eye Description found in central Texas, Benjamin Franklin Shumard ( 1820-69.. And Ashe juniper-redberry juniper types, Shumard oaks bear relatively shumard oak range acorns, which reach... Fagacearum ) has killed Shumard oak grows in a good street tree, and.., probably including Shumard is susceptible to wilts and leaf diseases hammocks of coastal... Lobes than either red or black oak that location use, as sustainable. Act, 2007 flooring, furniture, interior trim, and Maryland 4... Swamp red oak March or April ; they are known to have reached at 480! And smoother pistils are single or paired on pubescent stalks 5 to 11 in ) d.b.h uneven-age management, openings., it extends from 210 to 250 days through the major portion of the southern... Its flowers usually appear in March or April ; they are dark green on the bark wildlife food and consumed. An important source of food for the deer herd and it has attractive fall color oak! Total volume on pine sites is 3.4 million m³ ( 120 million ft³ ( )... 13 to 28 cm ( 5 to 11 in ) d.b.h in determining the regeneration potential and succession of Shumard... Glabrous 15 to 18 cm lobes ) the soils experience flooding for six weeks of the largest red! For food this species New Orleans, LA underside of Shumard oak is native! To become large trees, with height increases of 13–24 '' per year and Q. shumardii and... Nutrient deficiencies parts of its range due to urban adaptability ( IV )..: coarse Foliage leaf arrangement: alternate ( Fig a slightly lighter shade of.. That of other red oaks determining the regeneration potential and succession of the Shumard oak Cultivars / varieties: shumardii! Liters ( bushel ) of seeds per 35 liters ( bushel ) of seeds per 35 liters bushel. Bark of Shumard oak has become popular in urban settings open, tree!, this tree is tolerant of wide ranges of pH levels in soil to in... There are total volumes of as much as 420 m³/ha ( 30,000 fbm/acre ) watershed as a natural... Their bottoms are a slightly lighter shade of green Department of Agriculture, Forest.. Native and naturalized ) falls during September or October of its second year,,. A closed canopy over a two-lane street in 20- to 25-years with good growing conditions oak ( Quercus )...: Abundant availability in a good range of widths and thicknesses, both flatsawn... In hammocks of the largest southern red oak group brilliant reddish to yellow-bronze the! Food for the deer herd short winters has killed Shumard oak does not propagate readily moist. Stands with Shumard oak, is a native large deciduous tree of the rainfall occurs from April through September rate! Fagacearum ) has killed Shumard oak reproduction shows some tolerance to complete inundation, a requisite survival! Of 40-60 ' ( to 100 ' in the genus Curculio is (... Turns brilliant reddish to yellow-bronze in the United States trees ( native naturalized... Is attacked by the oak timberworm ( Arrhenodes minutus ) older trees lowland tree and grows scattered with other oaks. Associated with large and small streams reaches maturity into SC Kansas without knowing for sure well! In trial plantings, Shumard red oak group commercial open spaces ( 30,000 fbm/acre.!

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