Summary The Richmond Birdwing Butterfly, restricted to subtropical areas of Australia, is threatened with extinction in the Queensland part of its range because of clearing and fragmenting rainforests containing its larval food vines. Derivation of name. Positive signs of recovery for the species are now evident: together, we are bringing the birdwing back! This vine attracts the adult females and may lay her eggs on it’s leaves instead of the birdwing vine. The butterfly is listed as vulnerable and is an important species that has been severely impacted by habitat loss and the introduced vine, the Dutchman’s Pipe (Aristolochia elegans), which is poisonous to the butterfly larvae. The easiest way to tell them apart is from their leaves. Business. The Richmond birdwing vine occurs below 600m asl on basaltic slopes, creek banks, or on volcanic alluvial soils near watercourses, while mountain aristolochia vine occurs on basaltic ridges and slopes at >800m asl. Richmond birdwings inhabit lowland subtropical rainforests where the Birdwing Butterfly vine (Pararistolochia praevenosa) is sufficient enough. Species in Profile – Richmond Birdwing Butterfly. Richmond birdwing butterfly. Grow my vines and I will come. In the subtropical lowlands of south-east Queensland, the Richmond birdwing is solely dependent on one plant – a native species called birdwing butterfly vine (Pararistolochia praevenosa). Sections of this page. All Birdwing species and the Red-bodied Swallowtail. Richmond Butterfly Vine, Pararistolochia praevenosa. The larvae of this species feed on plants of the genus Pararistolochia, including the Richmond birdwing butterfly vine. They are also mainly attracted to the vine Pararistolochia praevenosa, or more commonly known as the Birdwing Butterfly Vine. Family: Papilionidae. Propagating, growing, planting and maintaining one Richmond Birdwing Butterfly Vine to ensure it survives and thrives costs $25. Aims. “The Richmond Birdwing has been around since before European settlement, but its habitat has been fragmented due to land clearing that has removed its only food source, the Birdwing butterfly vine,” says Dr Christine Hosking, Chairperson of the Richmond Birdwing Conservation Network. Coastal and highland rainforests of SE.Qld & NE.NSW. It is very important to remove all signs of Dutchman's Pipe to protect any remaining butterflies. Class: Insecta. Public group. Small flowers are showy yellow with purplish veins. Pararistolochia – From the Greek 'aristos' meaning 'best' and locheia meaning 'childbirth' in reference to the belief that the plant was effective against infections caused by childbirth Description. It is the second smallest of the birdwing species, the smallest being Ornithoptera meridionalis. The larvae (caterpillars) of the Richmond Birdwing are fussy eaters and only feed on two species of vine – both referred to as Richmond Birdwing Vines (Pararistolochia spp.). The Richmond Birdwing Conservation Network (RBCN) is an affiliation of individuals, groups and organisations dedicated to the conservation of the Richmond birdwing butterfly (Ornithoptera richmondia) and its host plants, the Richmond birdwing vine (Pararistolochia praevenosa) and mountain aristolochia (P. laheyana).. The richmond birdwing butterfly was once an abundant species but extensive rainforest clearing and fragmenting their habitat has lead to it’s now fragile population. Birdwing vine (Pararistolochia praevenosa), a similar plant that is native to northern New South Wales and southern Queensland, is the sole food plant of the Richmond birdwing butterfly (Ornithoptera richmondia). I only like the Richmond birdwing vine and I am one of your largest butterflies in Australia my wingspan can be 16cm. Richmond birdwings’ eggs hatch in 10 to 13 days and the caterpillar fully grows and transforms to a pupae in 25-50 days. Richmond Birdwing butterflies mistake the ornamental Dutchman's Pipe vine for a native Pararistolochia vine and lay their eggs on it.  Habitat . Toxins in this introduced plant kill young caterpillars. The spectacular Richmond birdwing butterfly (Ornithoptera richmondia) is the largest butterfly in South East Queensland and Northern New South Wales. Tall vigorous climber to 20m. Add to cart. The species’ population density has been shrinking rapidly since early 1900s, with most of the coastal populations north of Brisbane having been destroyed and only small pockets remaining outside Brisbane. Issued: 20 May 2020. Contributed by Stephanie Lymburner, Committee Member, Big Scrub Landcare. The Birdwing Butterfly Vine and the Dutchman’s Pipe might smell identical for a Richmond Birdwing Butterfly, but it is simple to tell them apart by their appearance. Categories: Bird & Butterfly Attracting, Climbers. Alfred Wallace described this species in 1859 as being both beautiful and brilliant. Former areas of its habitat have been almost completely destroyed, such as at the Big Scrub. Host to Richmond Birdwing Butterfly. Discussion. Members. Richmond Birdwing Conservation Network. Answer from last post: I am the caterpillar of the Richmond Birdwing butterfly. Richmond birdwing butterflies live in subtropical rainforest where its larval host plants Richmond birdwing vine and mountain aristolochia vine grow. Ornithoptera richmondia, the Richmond birdwing, is a species of birdwing butterfly that is endemic to Australia. A successful captive breeding and release program could see it taken off Queensland’s threatened species list. This native vine is being replaced by Dutchman's pipe (Aristolochia elegans ) making it hard for the female adult butterflies to find. The Richmond River Birdwing Butterfly was a reasonably common species when the Big Scrub rainforest once covered this region; its range extended from Grafton to the subtropical rainforest around Noosa in Queensland. The Richmond birdwing lays eggs singly or in small clusters (up to three) on native Pararistolochia vines – the birdwing butterfly vine P. praevenosa at low to moderate elevations, i.e. Jump to. All Photos of Richmond Birdwing Vine. This plant has suffered from habitat loss since the appearance of European settlers. This vine is the main food species for the Richmond birdwing butterfly. The larvae, on the other hand, only feed on two species of vines, the lowland Richmond birdwing vine and and the mountain aristolochia. Videos. The Richmond Birdwing Butterfly can be found in moist rainforests along the east coast of Australia. This group supports the work of the Richmond Birdwing Conservation Network. Tribe: Troidini. Join this group to post and comment. richmondia, the Richmond birdwing is a species of birdwing butterfly that is endemic to Australia. The vines are grown by specialist licensed plant nurseries and we must confirm by 13 October the exact number of vines we will be in a position to purchase at the end of this special appeal. Search this group. Richmond Birdwing Butterfly program in full flight. Did you know? The Richmond birdwing butterfly ... community groups and members of the public to plant birdwing butterfly vines (food plants for the caterpillars) and restore habitat corridors across the butterfly’s former range. Press alt + / to open this menu. • First, she locates the correct plants by ‘tasting’ various leaves with chemical receptors in her forelegs. PLANT OF THE WEEK Richmond Birdwing Vine (Pararistolochia praevenosa). Related products. About Photo: Birdwing Butterfly Plant Pararistolochia praevenosa Author: Poyt448 Peter Woodard License: CC0 This range has been severely modified due to … “It is hoped these releases will boost … Each larva can eat about 2 square metres of vine, leaves and the softer stem. Photos. This is the vine widely promoted in SE Queensland as “the birdwing butterfly vine”. Accessibility Help. • The female Birdwing butterfly lays her eggs on the leaves of these two species of Aristolochia vines. A woody, climbing vine to 20 metres Richmond birdwing Live male specimen Scientific classification; Kingdom: Animalia . Events. Rippon’s Birdwing; Wingspan: 7.9 in (20 cm) Distribution Area: Indonesia Conservation Status: Protected Prominent Colors: Black, yellow Source: wikimedia.org. Order: Lepidoptera. Files. Scientific Name: Pararistolochia praevenosa. Plant Number: 20. It is the second smallest of the birdwing species, the Pararistolochia praevenosa is an Australian vine in the birthwort family. Butterfly World has begun to breed Cairns birdwings, which it will release into the wild. Join Group . Vines need to be about 4 m or more in height, with more than 30 leaves attached before a vine can support a larva to maturity. The threatened Richmond birdwing butterfly is making a comeback in the wild. These receptors pick up chemical cues from the leaves of the vine. settingsMore. The magnificent Richmond birdwing butterfly is making a comeback in the wild, thanks to a successful captive breeding and release program led by the Department of Environment and Science (DES). Common Name: Richmond Birdwing Vine, Birdwing Butterfly Vine. The colourful male has a wingspan of 12-13cm, with a black body, brilliant green stripes and spots on both sides of its wings, green patches on its hind wings and a bright red splash on its thorax. The Birdwing Butterfly Vine leaves are narrow with a sandpapery texture, while the Dutchman’s Pipe leaves are heart shaped and hairless. Adult females locate this host plant using their olfactory senses. Slow at first, semi shade and protection from wind. About. Another threat is the invasive vine species, Dutchman’s pipe (Aristolochia elegans). And in southern Queensland, a 7-hectare reserve has been set aside for the Richmond birdwing at Caboolture. These other native (i.e., good) species are all listed for some of our butterflies but not for all of them. The protection of wild vines along with vine propagation and planting over the past few decades has arguably saved this stunning butterfly … Phylum: Arthropoda. Recommendations. extinction of the Richmond birdwing butterfly and it helps to recolonise areas where the birdwing butterfly is rare or has become extinct. > Pararistolochia praevenosa – Richmond Birdwing Vine $ 15.00. Without it, the butterfly can’t breed. The Richmond birdwing butterfly is very beautiful but is currently listed as vulnerable in Queensland due to habitat destruction and an introduced weed called the Dutchman’s pipe, which is poisonous to the butterfly. 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